4 simple steps to analysis- これでエッセイをパワーアップ!
4 simple steps ...

Critical thinking and analytical skills are not only useful in school, but also in the workplace and in your day-to-day life. The process, although simple once you get the hang of it, requires lots of self-inquiry and self-questioning. Ask yourself lots of questions to fill in the gap between what you know vs. what you need to know.

Here are some questions to ask as you go:

What do we notice? What particular details stand out? What questions might we ask ourselves about those details? Why is this detail important? What is the purpose?

4 steps to analysis:

1. Make Observations

Make note of what you observe. Whether they’re obvious details or minor details that you aren’t sure how it will fit into the puzzle, make note of everything that you can. Write it out (or highlight, if you’re reading text) so you don’t miss any important details.

2. Find Connections

With the observations you have made, identify any connections between the details. How does one detail relate to another? How can you find a way to link details? What kind of relationship do the details have with each other?

3. Draw Inferences
An inference is an educated guess, one that is grounded in careful observation and informed by thoughtful questioning—the kind of questioning we have been doing as we make connections among our observations. Begin to think about what the observations and connections you have found could mean. What are you to make of the information you have at this point?
At this point, you should begin to see a pattern of how the details relate to one another. This pattern should lead you to start thinking about the conclusion, which is the final step.

4. Formulate Conclusion

A lot of students tend to forget about this crucial final step- don’t be that person! As you make inferences, it may be clear for you what your conclusion is, but you need to make sure the reader knows your conclusion as well. So, SPELL IT OUT FOR THEM by presenting a clear and thoughtful close. When I say thoughtful, don’t just say “This is my conclusion:________.” Talk about how that conclusion is significant to the bigger picture, ie. current events, politics, human nature. etc.

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